Last edited by Mikagami
Thursday, May 7, 2020 | History

3 edition of Natural scientists and political authority in the Soviet Union. found in the catalog.

Natural scientists and political authority in the Soviet Union.

Peter Kneen

Natural scientists and political authority in the Soviet Union.

by Peter Kneen

  • 44 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Birmingham, Centre for Russian and East European Studies.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13737813M

(shelved 8 times as soviet-union) avg rating — 2,, ratings — published Want to Read saving. By dreams of “Americanization” were mesmerizing Soviet engineers and managers. Soviet planners believed that their future required large systems of production on a regional scale, larger even than those in the United States; they would be feasible because socialism would not be burdened by the political and economic “contradictions” of capitalism, which constrained the .

Through study of the Soviet Academy I had gained a better understanding of the political and institutional framework of science in the Soviet Union. During a year as an exchange graduate student at Moscow University in I frequently discussed dialectical materialism with Soviet. A detailed analysis of Soviet historiography between and and the special tensions placed on the Soviet historian of that period. Historiography in the USSR is charged to an unprecedented degree with the functions of socializing future generations, legitimizing political institutions, perpetuating established mores and mythology, and rationalizing official policies.

  The conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union, says NSC, the planning document adopted by the Truman administration in and one of the foundational texts of the early Cold War.   But in the Soviet Union, where the ruling elites embraced, patronized, and even fetishized science like never before, scientists lived their lives on a knife edge. The Soviet Union had the best-funded scientific establishment in history. Scientists were elevated as popular heroes and lavished with awards and : Grove/Atlantic, Inc.


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Natural scientists and political authority in the Soviet Union by Peter Kneen Download PDF EPUB FB2

In the end, Soviet scientists also deployed the language of apolitical science to very political ends. One upshot of Wolfe’s history is that it may unsettle those who assume that any assertion that “science is political” is an attack on science.

Vladimir Obruchev, geologist, paleontologist, geographer and explorer of Siberia and Central Asia, author of the comprehensive Geology of Siberia and two popular science fiction novels, Plutonia and Sannikov Land; Peter Simon Pallas, polymath naturalist, geographer, ethnographer, philologist, explorer of European Russia and Siberia, discoverer of the first pallasite meteorite.

75 An ex-Soviet science journalist has described this current of belief. According to him, Soviet scientists ‘regard the political and economic systems as working, in cybernetic terms, without feedback and with an enormously high level of noise.

To continue the analogy, this means that the system must be destroyed and another one built by: 4. Soviet Scientists and the State examines the constraints place upon the natural scientist in the Soviet Union. The book brings into sharp relief the social and economic consequences arising from the highly centralized character of Communist Party rule.

Making use of newly available archive material, this book provides the first systematic and accessible overview of church-state relations in the Soviet Union. John Anderson explores the shaping of Soviet religious policy from the death of Stalin until the collapse of communism, and considers the place of religion in the post-Soviet by: Science and technology in the Soviet Union served as an important part of national politics, practices, and the time of Lenin until the dissolution of the USSR in the early s, both science and technology were intimately linked to the ideology and practical functioning of the Soviet state, and were pursued along paths both similar and distinct from models in other.

The Congress of Soviets was the supreme organ of power in accordance with Article 8 of the Soviet Constitution. The Congress was replaced in the Soviet Constitution by the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet accordance with Arti it functioned as the highest state authority and the only legislative branch of the Soviet Union.

According to Article of. About a year and half ago, I picked up in a used-book store a copy of Professor Loren R. Graham's book, *Science, Philosophy, and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union*. This book is a revision of his earlier book, *Science and Philosophy in the Soviet Union*.5/5(1). In the final chapter of “Stalin and the Scientists,” Simon Ings recalls how by the mids, the Soviet Union boasted twice as many scientists as the United States and Western Europe combined.

Science in Russia and the Soviet Union. This book is an excellent as an introductory chapter into the scientific culture of Russia.

It begins with the development of science before theunder Imperial Russia, and it furthers the story on into the October Revolution and. The Renaissance encouraged individualism and therefore more people questioned the authority of the Church.

Just to oppose the Church, people began to encourage scientists to prove theories and not just be the Church's parrot and listen to whatever the priests said.

Slowly, scientists came up with theories and their research that soon proved true. is a concept used by some political scientists in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible. Tsarism The person of the tsar himself, a sovereign with absolute authority, stood at.

Category:Soviet scientists Natural scientists from the Soviet Union‎ 8 F) Statisticians from the Soviet Union‎ (3 C, 4 F) Media in category "Scientists from the Soviet Union" The following 41 files are in this category, out of 41 total. Alexandr × ; 54 KB. The Soviet Union was a communist nation made up of smaller "republics", which are now countries in their own right It existed from until as recently as It was a union of Eastern European.

Communism Communism, political and economic doctrine that aims to replace private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership and communal control of at least the major means of production (e.g., mines, mills, and factories) and the natural resources of a society.

Communism is thus a form of. Overview. Political science is a social study concerning the allocation and transfer of power in decision making, the roles and systems of governance including governments and international organizations, political behavior and public measure the success of governance and specific policies by examining many factors, including stability, justice, material wealth, peace.

Glossary -- Soviet Union Academy of Sciences (Akademiia nauk) The Soviet Union's most prestigious scholarly institute, which conducted basic research in the physical, natural, mathematical, and social sciences.

Established in by Peter the Great, it carried out long-range research and developed new technology. By the s the Soviet scientific establishment had become the largest in the world, but very little of its history was known in the West. What has been needed for many years in order to fill that gap in our knowledge is a history of Russian and Soviet science written for the educated person who would like to read one book on the subject.

This book has been written for that reader. Mammoth search and research as well as its role in knowledge stabilisation within the Soviet Union before and right after the Second World War would be the focus of this section. Geologically rich and geopolitically important, the Arctic islands played a special role in the development of the country and in enforcing Soviet power.

Political science -- Soviet Union. See also what's at your library, or elsewhere. Broader terms: Political science; The Natural Notions of Government (London: Printed for J. Baker and T. Warner, ), by Thomas Burnett. A political text-book for comprising a brief view of presidential nominations and elections, including all the.

Soviet Union: a country study / Federal Research Division, Library of Congress; edited by Raymond E. Zickel. - 2nd ed. p. cm. - (Area handbook series, ISSN ). The best author writing about common life of ordinary Russian people I've read is Natalia Nesterova (Наталья Нестерова).

Her books are full of humor and warmth. They are touching and fascinating at the same time. Her heroes are sincere, natural an.The control of the Soviet government stretched long and far.

Literature, being one of the most powerful forms of conversing ideas, was under the close watchful eye of censors. While some books were edited, some were completely banned. Here are ten works that were banned in the Soviet Union. The novel Doctor Zhivago had a very unfortunate fate.